When it comes to AML compliance, the basic checklist will tell you almost everything you need to know. However, there are a couple of other factors that might have slipped your radar. If you look specifically at KYC, for instance, you’ll find that high risk customers require some additional resources before you can proceed with complete compliance.
So while basic Customer Due Diligence is necessary for any bank or other financial institution, the concept of Enhanced Due Diligence (EDD) might not be as familiar. If that’s the case, here’s what you need to know:
What is Enhanced Due Diligence
To comprehend Enhanced Due Diligence you’ll need to understand why it’s necessary and where it comes from. First, it’s important to understand the general definition of Anti-Money Laundering (AML), which refers to a set of laws, regulations, and procedures that prevent fiscal crime.
In addition, taking the fundamental steps to Know Your Customer (KYC) are essential in order to ensure AML compliance, which is required for any U.S. financial institution. Within KYC regulations, there is a process called Customer Due Diligence (CDD), which typically involves identifying your customer and validating their activities.
If necessary, companies may need to perform EDD, which consists of the processes and procedures to handle high risk customers and large financial transactions. Because EDD is not always necessary, it’s critical you know exactly when it may be required to avoid wasting resources.
When is Enhanced Due Diligence Necessary
As mentioned earlier, Enhanced Due Diligence is generally required when a customer is deemed high risk. More specifically, during risk analysis, there are a few red flags that would trigger EDD Regulations:
Most of their clients are foreigners or non-residents
Legal persons are personal asset-holding vehicles
The customer, their family members, or known associates are Politically Exposed Persons (PEP)
Presence of nominee shareholders or shares in the company’s bearer form
While red flags directly related to customer identity may be the most obvious to spot, there are other components you must keep in mind.
What Are The Main EDD Factors
There are several factors that the EDD process is comprised of:
Risk assessment: this involves determining whether or not the customer is considered high risk, as outlined in the previous section
Geographical factors: location may also play a role in determining whether the customer is high risk, i.e. countries without enforced AML compliance such as North Korea or Iran, or countries who have financial involvement with terrorist groups such as Syria or Sudan
Additional factors such as private or correspondent banking
If you come across any of these factors, it’s crucial to understand what the next steps involve.
EDD Regulation Steps
While the previous sections help you determine when EDD Regulations will need to kick in, you may find yourself wondering what the correct procedure would be to make sure your EDD efforts are AML compliant.
Perform risk assessments: begin the process by identifying and dividing those customers who will require a standard CDD vs. EDD procedures
Identity authentication: you must then verify the customer’s identity, which will require a reliable third-party database
Identify source of funds/income: ensure that the source is legitimate and that the customer is not disguising an illegally obtained fund
Obtain background info: this may also require you to consult a third-party database
Keep record of all transactions especially if the customer is deemed high risk: the government requires certain record-keeping practices for various forms, for instance, CTRs and SARs files must be kept 5 years after filing
Comply with General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) if necessary: the GDPR is a new, privacy and data protection law that is required for any business within or involved with the EU
File Suspicious Activity Report (SAR) if necessary: the SAR is the standard form to report suspicious financial activity, essentially any activity out of the ordinary
Conduct EDD Accurately with Intellicheck
Handling risk through general KYC and Enhanced Due Diligence is absolutely essential to ensuring that your financial institution maintains its AML compliance. As mentioned above, the effectiveness of two key steps to EDD regulation rely on a third-party base that can be trusted, such as Intellicheck.
Intellicheck is a highly accurate ID authentication program that is trusted by companies and institutions nationwide. It is one of the most effective systems at catching fake IDs in real-time with a guaranteed 99% accuracy. With Intellicheck, you can ensure your financial institution is conducting EDD efficiently and accurately all while staying AML compliant.